There is no doubt why there are so many expats in Italy and people wanting to move there. The country is famous for its gastronomy, mild Mediterranean climate, and sumptuous cultural and natural heritage.
But before packing your belongings and taking a plane, there are a few things you should know. Find here a full explanation about how to become an expat in Italy.
How to Become an Expat in Italy
European agreements allow EU citizens to move to Italy easily, but this does not mean that there are no administrative procedures to respect.
If you want to live in Italy for more than 90 days, you must be registered in the census of your place of residence.
It is also mandatory to register at the immigration office located at the Police headquarters of your town. This will allow you to get a residence permit, which is indispensable for many procedures.
This document can take a long time to obtain and is valid for 2 to 5 years. After its expiration, you can apply for permanent resident status.
The Codice Fiscale (tax identification number) is also required for living in Italy as an expat. It can be obtained free of charge at the Agenzia Delle Entrate offices in the municipality of residence or, before arrival, at the Italian Consulate.
Each member of the family must have one.
Finding a Place for Living in Italy as an Expat
Those who decide to live in Italy are faced with a very different real estate market, depending on the budget and the city. From shared apartments to villas or private mansions. Renting furnished apartments is a very common practice.
Even if renting or buying property is not unattainable in the country, it is advisable to start looking for accommodation before moving to Italy. This way, you can have an idea of the prices.
Expats in Italy looking to live in the country for several years can find interesting prices for buying a property.
Is It Easy to Find Jobs in Italy for Expats?
Moving to Italy to work is simple for European citizens, They do not need a work permit. However, you should take into account some local information before settling down there.
Unemployment is relatively high in the country, especially in the south and among young people. The local job market is very competitive. The south is mainly agricultural. The large cities in the north are the main employment areas of the country, especially in the following areas:
- Customer service
The sectors with potential are:
- Information technology
It is possible to find jobs in Italy for expats in foreign companies. There are many thousands in the country, and they might be interested in international profiles.
Please note that some professions are regulated. It is essential to have your diplomas recognized in Italy to hold certain positions, for example:
Knowing how to speak Italian is also an essential skill.
Getting Expat Health Insurance in Italy
Foreigners are covered by the local Social Security system (SSN) while they are in Italy. Seconded workers are the only exception are. They remain affiliated to their national Social Security.
The insurance card, Tessera Sanitaria, entitles you to health care in approved medical facilities and covers:
However, the coverage is only partial. And health care remains an expense that must be included in the budget before expatriating to Italy.
The quality of care varies from region to region. Waiting times in public institutions are often long, which pushes many expatriates to seek treatment in the private sector. Care is more expensive there.
To benefit from a more complete service, both in the private and public sectors, it’s recommended to get expat health insurance in Italy. The best options are the 1st euro policies or the Social Security supplementary insurances.
To find the best one for your situation you can use a free and quick online comparison tool.
Take in mind that getting private insurance does not exempt you from your obligations towards the SSN. But it does allow you to benefit from better reimbursements and a wider coverage that is valid worldwide.